Outline of the system
The importation of certain products into Mongolia is subject to automatic or non-automatic import licensing.
Automatic import licensing is applied for monitoring purposes on the importation of several products. The automatic licence is granted in all cases and within one day.
Non-automatic licences are required for the importation of some products with a view to protect human, animal and plant health and life; to monitor trade; and to fulfill the obligations of Mongolia pursuant to international treaties. The licence is granted 21 days after the submission of the application to the respective administrative body which is responsible for issuing the licence.
Import licensing procedures are administered by a limited number of administrative bodies and are not related to quantity.
Breeding cattle - See Products
Nature of licensing
If Automatic, administrative purpose
If Non-Automatic, description of the notified Non-Automatic Licensing regime
Products under restriction as to the quantity or value of imports
The licensing is not intended to restrict the quantity or value of imports. The importation of certain products in Mongolia is subject to licensing in compliance with international commitments undertaken by Mongolia, when Mongolian legislation requires such a regime for sanitary, national security or other considerations pursuant to Articles XX and XXI of GATT 1994 for monitoring purposes.
Questions for products under restriction as to the quantity or value of imports
The system applies to products originating from which country?
The system applies to imports of goods originating in and coming from all countries.
Expected duration of licensing procedure
Is the licensing statutorily required?
The licensing system is maintained under Resolution of the Government of Mongolia No. 54 of 2001 on the foreign trade regime of Mongolia, published in the State Gazette "Turiin medeelel" No. 18 of 2001 and the amendment to that Resolution, published in the State gazette "Turiin medeelel" No. 47 of 2002.
Does the legislation leave designation of products to be subject to licensing to administrative discretion?
The list of products subject to import licensing and the administrative bodies responsible for the administration of the import licensing procedures are determined by the relevant Ministries of Mongolia.
Is it possible for the government to abolish the system without legislative approval?
Eligibility of applicants
Is there a system of registration of persons or firms permitted to engage in importation?
What persons or firms are eligible to apply for a licence?
Any natural person or legal entity registered in accordance with the Resolution on issuing export and import licences for products passing the state frontier under state control is eligible to apply for a licence in writing.
Is there a registration fee?
Is there a published list of authorized importers?
Contact point for information on eligibility
Submission of an application
Administrative body(ies) for submission of an application
What information is required in applications?
Information required on application:
Applicants should submit an application which is made on the form approved by the National centre for Standardisation and Metrology. Application must include the following information:
- Applicant's name and address
- Product name, description and code
- Product quantity and convertible currency pricing
- Timing of delivery and transport type
- Foreign Exporter's name and address for import licences
- Country of production
- Name of the Mongolian frontier port
- Name and address of the applicant's Tax Office
The applicant is responsible for the accuracy of the information provided in the application.
What documents is the importer required to supply with the application?
Application for export and import licence must include the following documents:
- Certificate of state registration of the company or organisation, passport for a person, notarized and certified
- Copy of contract
- Implementation of licence previously issued by the same name
- Document of state patent payment
Window of submission of an application
How far in advance of importation must application for a licence be made?
The application for a licence must be made prior to importation.
Are there any limitations as to the period of the year during which application for licence can be made? If so, explain
Issuing the license
Can a licence be granted immediately on request?
Licences can be granted immediately upon request.
Can licences be obtained within a shorter time-limit or for goods arriving at the port without a licence
Which administrative body is responsible for approving application of licences?
Must the applications be passed on to other organs for visa, note or approval?
In all cases, the consideration of licence applications is effected by a single administrative body, which is competent to issue a licence according to the type of the imported goods.
Are there any other conditions attached to the issue of a licence?
Fees and other administrative charges
Is there any licensing fee or administrative charge?
There is a licensing fee necessary to cover the administrative expenses for processing of documents.
What is the amount of the fee or charge?
Is there any deposit or advance payment required associated with the issue of licences?
No deposit or advance payment is required in connection with the issue of licences.
Amount or rate?
Is it refundable?
What is the period of retention?
What is the purpose of this requirement?
Refusal of an application
Under what circumstances may an application for a licence be refused other than failure to meet the ordinary criteria?
Are the reasons for any refusal given to applicants?
If a non-automatic licence application is refused the applicant shall on request be given the reason therefor.
Have applicants a right of appeal in the event of refusal to issue a licence?
The applicants have the right of appeal
If so, to what bodies and under what procedures?
The applicants have the right of appeal, in the event of refusal to issue a licence, under the general terms and conditions laid down in the Resolution on issuing export and import licences for products passing the state frontier under state control.
Are there any limitations as to the period of year during which importation may be made?
What documents are required upon actual importation?
Upon actual importation the importer has to present to the customs authorities the following documents: pro-forma invoice, transport documents, specifications, customs declaration, certificate of origin and any other documents as deemed necessary.
Are there any other administrative procedures, apart from import licensing and similar administrative procedures, required prior to importation?
There are no other administrative procedures required prior to importation apart from veterinary, phytosanitary and quality regulations.
Conditions of licensing
What is the period of validity of a licence? Can the validity be extended? How?
The period of validity of automatic and non-automatic import licences is up to one year from the date of issuance. The validity can be extended upon request.
Is there any penalty for the non-utilization of a licence or a portion of a licence?
There is no penalty for the non-utilisation of a licence or a portion of it.
Are licences transferable between importers? If so, are any limitations or conditions attached to such transfer?
Licences are not transferable between importers.
Is foreign exchange automatically provided by the banking authorities for goods to be imported?
Is a licence required as a condition to obtaining foreign exchange?
The foreign exchange necessary to pay for licensed imports is made available to licence holders on the same basis as to importers of goods not requiring import licences.